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Where do bald eagles live?

The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is specific to North America, and ranges throughout Alaska, Canada, all of the contiguous United States, and northern Mexico.

Where do bald eagles live?

Are bald eagles an endangered species?

After nearly disappearing from the American landscape in prior decades, the bald eagle was removed from the federal list of threatened and endangered species on August 9, 2007.

When adopted as the national symbol of the United States in 1782, the bald eagle population is believed to have numbered around 100,000. Due to excessive hunting, loss of habitat, and contamination from the pesticide DDT, only 487 nesting pairs of bald eagles were known to exist in 1963.

Serious conservation efforts coupled with a ban on the use of DDT, have allowed the bald eagle population to flourish once again. The bald eagle population is believed to currently range between 80,000 and 110,000.

The number of bald eagles living in the Potomac River region near Washington, DC, is believed to be doubling every 7 years.

Are bald eagles protected by law?

Yes. Bald eagles are protected by several laws. The Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, passed in 1940, provides a number of specific protections for bald eagles, including prohibiting the taking of bald eagles, dead or alive, or any eagle parts. Permits are granted by the Department of the Interior, for the taking or hunting of bald eagles, often for Native American cultural reasons.

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act also affords bald eagles some protections, as does the Lacey Act. Note that it is against federal law to harass or disturb bald eagles and their nests.

How large do bald eagles get?

Mature bald eagles have reportedly reached wingspans as great as 8 feet. The average wingspan for a female adult bald eagle is 7 feet, 3 inches. Male bald eagles are smaller, with an average wingspan of 6 feet, 8 inches.

Mature female bald eagles have an average weight of 11.5 pounds, while the adult males average 9.5 pounds. Adult bald eagles can range in height from 2-3 feet tall.

How high do bald eagles fly?

When soaring in level flight, bald eagles are believed to average speeds around 35mph, but are capable of up to 55 mph. When diving in flight, bald eagles can reach speeds of up to 100 mph.

How fast can bald eagles fly?

When soaring in level flight, bald eagles are believed to average speeds around 35mph, but are capable of up to 55 mph. When diving in flight, bald eagles can reach speeds of up to 100 mph.

How far away can a bald eagle see?

Bald eagles are renowned for their excellent eyesight, which is estimated to be 4 to 8 times stronger than an average human’s. Bald eagles can spot smaller prey, like fish, from 1 mile away. They may spot larger prey, such as a rabbit, from 2 miles away. Some researchers believe soaring bald eagles can, under ideal visibility conditions, spot another soaring eagle in the sun from 50 miles away.

How many bald eagles are there?

Modern estimates range from 80,000 to as high as 110,000, with half of all bald eagles believed to be living in Alaska.

Where do bald eagles live?

Bald eagle populations are more likely to be found near food sources, like large bodies of water, that can sustain their daily intake of fish (the bald eagle’s primary food source).

What do bald eagles eat?

Due to their size, bald eagles sit atop their food chain. This makes them more vulnerable to toxic chemical poisoning, since each link in the food chain concentrates chemicals from the lower food source.

Fish composes up to 90% of the diet for most bald eagles. Bald eagles will also feed on rodents or smaller birds, like ducks and seagulls; especially in winter months when the bodies of water that provide their primary food source may be frozen over.

Bald eagles may also feed on carrion (dead animals), and will often try to steal food from other birds, such as ospreys, or even other eagles. Most bald eagles eat .5 pond to 1.5 pounds each day.

When do bald eagles eat?

Bald eagles hunt and eat throughout the day; more so when maintaining a nest with young. Bald eagles do not have to eat every day, but if they go too long without food, they may lack the energy needed for hunting and survival.

How much weight can a bald eagle lift?

Adult bald eagles can lift and carry up to 4-5 pounds.

When do bald eagles mate?

Bald eagle nesting pairs tend to mate for life. Although mating seasons can vary based on geography, in the continental United States, bald eagles generally court in December and January, with nest bulding beginning in February. Eggs are generally laid by mid-to-late February, and hatch from mid April to early May. Eaglets fledge the nest in late June to early July.

How many eggs do bald eagles have?

A female bald eagle will lay 1-3 eggs in a mating season. The eggs are a whiteish color and measure about 3 inches long.

When do bald eaglets fledge the nest?

Juvenile bald eagles typically make their first flight within 12 weeks of age.

How long do bald eagles live?

In the wild, it’s believed that bald eagles live from 20-30 years. In captivity, bald eagles have been known to live over 40 years. Unfortunately, only 1 in 8 eaglets is expected to make it to adulthood.

Do bald eagles migrate?

Yes, some do. Bald eagles living at the extreme northern and southern edges of their range, may migrate to areas that offer less frozen-over bodies of water in the winter. See link.

http://www.seagrant.wisc.edu/birds/bald_eagle_migration.html

How large are bald eagle nests?

The bald eagle’s nest is the largest of any bird. Bald eagle’s often use the same nest each year, making additions each mating season that can grow the nest to as much as 13 feet deep, and 8 feet across, and weighing over a ton!

The largest bald eagle nest ever recorded was near St. Petersburg, Florida, and measured 9.5 feet across, 20 feet deep, and weighed over 2 tons!

http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/records-10000/largest-birds-nest/

How do bald eagles find their nest each year?

It’s apparent that bald eagles store a lot of geographic information and have memory of landscapes. Bald eagles may range 50-100 miles each day while searching for food. Bald eagle nests are the largest of any bird, which makes them easy for an eagle to spot with their tremendous eyesight.

When does a bald eagle develop their white head?

Bald eagles are considered to have reached maturity (adulthood) at age 5. A bald eagle’s head is usually not completely white until this time.

bald eagle photos

Do bald eagles sweat?

No. Bald eagles control their temperature by panting with an open mouth or by heat loss through their unfeathered legs and feet.

When did the bald eagle become the national symbol of the United States of America?

The Continental Congress adopted the bald eagle as our official national symbol on June 20, 1782. It was chosen for its power, strength, and freedom.